Birds

Over 500 different species of birds (Class Aves) can be found in Florida. Many are year-round residents, some pass through Florida during spring and fall migrations, and others are only part-time residents (summer or winter). Many nonnative species (parrots, parakeets, starlings, pigeons, etc.) also have established breeding populations in the state.

During 1994 to 1998, Greg McDermott, then a graduate student in entomology, made regular observations of birds in NATL. The birds listed below are those he recorded during that period, except for the eight species marked with a single asterisk (*). These were reported earlier but were not seen by McDermott.

The key below designates each species’ status in the Gainesville area, and is not specific to the Natural Area Teaching Laboratory. The seasonal designations are generalized (e.g. some winter residents arrive as early as September and some depart as late as May). Species reported since 1998 are designated with a double asterisk (**) with details given at the end of the list.

KEY:
migrant = present only during spring and fall migration
year round = year round resident
summer = summer resident, departs the area in winter
winter = winter resident, departs the area in summer

The vernacular names and sequence of listing match the checklist at the front of Peterson’s A Field Guide to the Birds.


SCIENTIFIC NAME COMMON NAME RESIDENCE
Order Podicipediformes
Podilymbus podiceps Pied-billed Grebe year round
Order Suliformes     
Phalacrocorax auritus Double-crested Cormorant** year round (occasional visitor, first record 12/19/12)
Anhinga anhinga Anhinga year round (occasional visitor, first record 07/02/14)
Order Ciconiiformes
Ardea herodias Great Blue Heron year round
Butorides virescens Green Heron year round
Egretta caerulea Little Blue Heron year round
Bubulcus ibis Cattle Egret year round
Ardia alba Great Egret year round
Egretta thula Snowy Egret year round
Mycteria americana Wood Stork year round
Eudocimus albus White Ibis year round
Order Anseriformes
Dendrocygna autumnalis Black-bellied Whistling Duck** year round
Aix sponsa Wood Duck** year round
Cairina moschata Muscovy Duck** year round
Lophodytes cucullatus Hooded Merganser winter
Order Falconiformes
Cathartes aura Turkey Vulture year round
Elanoides forficatus Swallow-tailed Kite** summer
Ictinia mississippiensis Mississippi Kite** summer
Accipiter striatus Sharp-shinned Hawk** winter
Accipiter cooperii Cooper's Hawk year round
Buteo jamaicensis Red-tailed Hawk year round
Buteo lineatus Red-shouldered Hawk year round
Haliaeetus leucocephalus Bald Eagle** year round
Pandion haliaetus Osprey year round
Falco sparverius American Kestrel winter
Order Galliformes
Colinus virginianus Northern Bobwhite* year round
Meleagris gallopavo Wild Turkey** year round
Order Gruiformes
Fulica americana American Coot winter
Gallinula chloropus Common Moorhen year round
Grus canadensis Sandhill Crane** year round (occasional visitor, first record 11/13/12)
Order Charadriiformes
Capella gallinago Common Snipe winter
Actitis macularia Spotted Sandpiper winter
Tringa flavipes Lesser Yellowlegs winter
Scolopax minor American Woodcock** winter
Order Columbiformes
Zenaida macroura Mourning Dove year round
Order Cuculiformes
Coccyzus americanus Yellow-billed Cuckoo summer
Order Strigiformes
Bubo virginianus Great Horned Owl year round
Strix varia Barred Owl   year round
Order Caprimulfiformes
Caprimulgus carolinensis Chuck-Will's-Widow* summer
Order Apodiformes
Chaetura pelagica Chimney Swift** summer
Archilochus colubris Ruby-throated Hummingbird summer
Order Coraciiformes
Megaceryle alcyon Belted Kingfisher** year round
Order Piciformes
Dryocopus pileatus Pileated Woodpecker year round
Melanerpes carolinus Red-bellied Woodpecker year round
Melanerpes erythrocephalus Red-headed Woodpecker** year round
Picoides villosus Hairy Woodpecker* year round
Picoides pubescens Downy Woodpecker year round
Sphyrapicus varius Yellow-bellied Sapsucker* winter
Colaptes auratus Northern Flicker year round
Order Passeriformes
Tyrannidae - Flycatchers
Sayornis phoebe Eastern Phoebe winter
Empidonax minimus Least Flycatcher** migrant
Myriarchus crinitus Great-crested Flycatcher summer
Empidonax virescens Acadian Flycatcher** migrant
Tyrannus tyrannus Eastern Kingbird** summer
Contopus virens Eastern Wood-pewee summer
Lanius ludovicianus Loggerhead Shrike year round
Hirundinidae - Swallows
Hirundo rustica Barn Swallow** migrant
Iridoprocne bicolor Tree Swallow winter
Stelgidopteryx serripennis Northern Rough-winged Swallow** migrant
Corvidae - Jays, Crows
Cyanocitta cristata Blue Jay year round
Corvus brachyrhynchos American Crow year round
Corvus ossifragus Fish Crow year round
(scarcer in winter)
Paridae - Titmice
Parus carolinensis Carolina Chickadee year round
Parus bicolor Tufted Titmouse year round
Troglodytidae - Wrens
Troglodytes aedon House Wren winter
Thryothorus ludovicianus Carolina Wren year round
Cistothorus palustris Marsh Wren winter
Mimidae - Mimic Thrushes
Mimus poltglottos Northern Mockingbird year round
Dumetella carolinensis Gray Catbird winter
Toxostoma rufum Brown Thrasher year round
Turdidae - Thrushes
Turdis migratorius American Robin winter
Hylocichla mustelina Wood Thrush* migrant
Catharus guttatus Hermit Thrush winter
Catharus ustulatus Swainson's Thrush migrant
Catharus fuscescens Veery** migrant
Sialia sialis Eastern Bluebird year round
Sylviidae - Kinglets
Polioptila caerulea Blue-gray Gnatcatcher year round
Regulus satrapa Golden-crowned Kinglet* winter
Regulus calendula Ruby-crowned Kinglet winter
Bombycillidae - Waxwings
Bombycilla cedrorum Cedar Waxwing winter
Sturnidae - Starlings
Sturnus vulgaris European Starling year round
Vireonidae - Vireos
Vireo griseus White-eyed Vireo year round
Vireo flavifrons Yellow-throated Vireo summer
Vireo solitarius Blue-headed Vireo winter
Vireo olivaceus Red-eyed Vireo migrant
Parulidae - Wood Warblers
Mniotilta varia Black and White Warbler winter
Vermivora celata Orange-crowned Warbler winter
Parula americana Northern Parula Warbler summer (may remain through winter some years)
Dendroica petechia Yellow Warbler migrant
Dendroica tigrina Cape May Warbler** migrant
Dendroica caerulescens Black-throated Blue Warbler** migrant
Dendroica coronata Yellow-rumped Warbler winter
Dendroica pinus Pine Warbler year round
Dendroica discolor Prairie Warbler migrant
Dendroica palmarum Palm Warbler winter
Seiurus aurucapillus Ovenbird migrant (some overwinter)
Seiurus noveboracensis Northern Waterthrush migrant
Geothlypis formosa Kentucky Warbler** migrant (9/16/06)
Oreothlypis peregrina Tennessee Warbler** migrant (10/15/06)
Setophaga ruticilla American Redstart migrant
Setophaga citrina Hooded Warbler** migrant
Setophaga fusca Blackburnian Warbler** migrant
Dendroica striata Blackpoll Warbler migrant (4/16/97)
Geothlypis trichas Common Yellowthroat year round
Dendroica dominica Yellow-throated Warbler year round
Emberizidae - American sparrows, towhees, and juncos
Pipilo erythrophthalmu Eastern Towhee year round
Cardinalidae - Cardinals, grosbeaks, and allies
Cardinalis cardinalis Northern Cardinal year round
Piranga rubra Summer Tanager summer
Piranga olivacea Scarlet Tanager** migrant
Guiraca caerulea Blue Grosbeak* summer
Passerina cyanea Indigo Bunting summer
Passerina ciris Painted Bunting** migrant
Icteridae - Meadowlarks, cowbirds, grackles, and orioles
Molothrus ater Brown-headed Cowbird year round
Agelaius phoeniceus Red-winged Blackbird year round
Quiscalus major Boat-tailed Grackle year round
Quiscalus quiscula Common Grackle* ** year round
Icterus galbula Baltimore Oriole** migrant and winter
Fringillidae - Finches
Carpodacus mexicanus House Finch year round
Spinus pinus Pine Siskin** winter
Carduelis tristis American Goldfinch winter
Passeridae - Old World sparrows
Passer domesticus House Sparrow** year round


*Not seen by McDermott but included on his list.

In 2010, 20 commercially reared Common Bobwhite were released in NATL (results).


**Details of additions to McDermott's list:

Adult male Painted Bunting seen 23 Oct 2004 by Tom Webber, Bird Collection Manager at the Florida Museum of Natural History.

Common Grackle, House Sparrow, Chimney Swift, and Red-headed Woodpecker listed for NATL-east by Daniel Dawson in an 8 May 2005 report to Facilities Planning & Construction.

Black-bellied Whistling Duck, four seen in SEEP by Doug Levy on 16 July 2008. On 6 Sep 2011, a family of this species, consisting of two adults and 6 or more ducklings, were seen swimming in the lesser of SEEP's two principal pools.

Wild Turkey, one hen photographed in Surge Area by Bill Coughlin and seen to disappear into NATL-west on 11 March 2011 (photo).

Wood Duck, Eastern Kingbird, Cape May Warbler, Black-Throated Blue Warbler and Mississippi Kite listed for NATL-west by Caleb Gordon on 29 April 2012.

Swallowtail Kite, seen by Lary Reeves in May 2012.

Sandhill Crane, trio foraging in SEEP's drying main pool on 13 November 2012, photographed by Lary Reeves (photo).

Double-crested Cormorant, two individuals observed by Lary Reeves circling low over SEEP's largest pool on 19 December 2012.

Muscovy Duck pair seen foraging in SEEP near boardwalk by NATL OpComm January 2013.

Records for Kentucky Warbler (16 September 2006) and Tennessee Warbler (15 October 2006) seen by Tom Webber added May 2014.

Anhinga was noticed in SEEP by NATL TAs July 2014.

Dr. Scott Robinson found a Blackburnian Warbler, an uncommon fall migrant, at NATL on 19 September 2015. After reviewing this list, he subsequently added another 14 species.

Lary Reeves, while leading a tour with the Florida Native Plant Society, spotted a Belted Kingfisher in SEEP on 19 September 2015.