Vascular Plants

Below, the more than 560 species of vascular plants known from NATL are listed alphabetically by scientific name. To look for a plant by its common name, see the list of plants by common name. At the bottom of this page you will find summarizing statistics, a history of this list, and links to relevant spreadsheets and documents.  A master spreadsheet that organizes relevant information on each species under 22 headings can be downloaded here.

The master list of NATL's vascular plants starts immediately below. For each entry, the scientific name is linked to the corresponding record in the ISB Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants, produced and maintained by Richard P. Wunderlin and Bruce F. Hansen. These links provide taxonomic and distribution information as well as images, where available.

Links to Aquatic and Wetland Plants and Invasive Plant Directory pages of the Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants give additional information and images for many species.

Links are also provided to the NTphotosigns, which help users of NATL's self-guided nature trails learn to identify nearly 20% of its species of vascular plants, and Phenology sheets, which describe the periodic biological phenomena correlated with climatic conditions of the plants in the Upland Pine ecosystem.

* = not native to Florida (according to Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants, unless otherwise noted)

Picture icons next to the names designate growth form. In the key to icons below, each growth form is linked to a page that lists common names for all NATL species of that growth form:

to growth-form icons:
tree or shrub
herb: forb

herb: grass,
sedge, or rush

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List alphabetized by scientific name

Acalypha arvensis * (Euphorbiaceae)
Field Copperleaf
NATLw: Weaver and Garland 2007.

Acalypha gracilens (Euphorbiaceae)
Slender Threeseed Mercury
NATLw: Infrequent; firebreak (C10).

Acer negundo (Sapindaceae)
Box Elder
NATLw: Rare, hammock; single small tree, several seedlings (A11).
NATLe: Present in mesic hammock.

Acer rubrum (Sapindaceae) AWIPPP
Red Maple
NATLw: Infrequent; wetlands, planted saplings (H2).
NATLe: Present in mesic hammock, dominant in wetland areas.

Acer saccharum (Sapindaceae) AWIPPP
Florida Maple
NATLw: Rare; planted in Natural Area Park in 2005.

Aeschynomene americana (Fabaceae)
NATLw: Infrequent; old fields (F5).
NTphotosign NTphotosign

Aeschynomene viscidula (Fabaceae)
Sticky Jointvetch
NATLw: Rare; upland pine (D5).

Ageratina jucunda (Asteraceae)
Hammock Snakeroot
NATLw: [CM] UPB; I, F, or C (D2, along firebreak).
NTphotosign NTphotosign

Agrostis hyemalis  (Poaceae)
Ticklegrass, Bentgrass
NATLw: [CM] OFS; R (I5/J5, lawn at edge of woods).

Albizia julibrissin * (Fabaceae) AWIPPP
NATLw: Infrequent; old fields, upland pine (A11, B10, D7, F5).

Alternanthera philoxeroides *  (Amaranthaceae) AWIPPP
NATLw: Infrequent; wetlands, shallow water (H3).

Alternanthera sessilis *  (Amaranthaceae)
Sessile Joyweed
NATLw: Along SEEP boardwalk nr. cypress (H2).

Alysicarpus ovalifolius * (Fabaceae)
Alyce Clover
NATLw: Frequent; old fields, firebreak.

Amaranthus spinosus * (Amaranthaceae)
Spiny Amaranth
NATLw: Infrequent; old fields, along fence (I1).

Ameranthus hybridus * (Amaranthaceae)
Pigweed, Slim Amaranth
NATLw: Present.

Ambrosia artemisiifolia (Asteraceae)
Common Ragweed
NATLw: Common; old fields.

Amorpha fruticosa (Fabaceae)
False Indigobush
NATLw: Rare; edge of sinkhole pond (K11).

Ampelopsis arborea (Vitaceae) AWIPPP  
NATLw: Infrequent; upland pine, old fields (D7, H4).
NATLe: Present.

Amphicarpaea bracteata (Fabaceae)
American Hogpeanut
NATLw: Weaver and Garland 2007.

Andropogon glomeratus (Poaceae) AWIPPP
Bushy Bluestem, Bushy Broomsedge
NATLw: Several clumps, north public area pine (E3).
NTphotosign NTphotosign

Andropogon ternarius (Poaceae)
Splitbeard Bluestem
NATLw: Present in north public area upland pine (E3).

Andropogon virginicus (Poaceae)
Broomsedge Bluestem
NATLw: Infrequent; old fields (D4, D5).

Apios americana  (Fabaceae)  
NATLw: Infrequent; wetland, on fence (L11).
NATLe: Common in wetter areas.

Arachis glabrata * (Fabaceae)
Perennial Peanut, Grassnut
NATLw: Rare; though locally the ground cover, Natural Area Park.

Aralia spinosa (Araliaceae)
Devil’s Walkingstick
NATLw: Common; hammock.

Ardisia crenata *  (Myrsinaceae) AWIPPP
Coral Ardisia
NATLw: Frequent; hammock, along roadway.
NATLe: Occasional in woods, abundant in extreme n.w. corner of mesic hammock along northern fence.

Arenaria serpyllifolia * (Caryophyllaceae)
Thymeleaf Sandwort
NATLw: Present.

Argemone albiflora * (Papaveraceae)
White Prickly Poppy, Bluestem Pricklypoppy
NATLw: Rare; Old Field Plot D.

Arisaema dracontium  (Araceae) AWIPPP
NATLw: Infrequent; hammock (C11, H7, H8).
NATLe: Uncommon/occasional.

Aristida stricta = Aristida beyrichiana (Poaceae)
NATLw: Infrequent; upland pine (D5).

Aristolochia serpentaria (Aristolochiaceae)
Virginia Snakeroot
NATLw: Rare; hammock (H10).

Arundinaria gigantea  (Poaceae) AWIPPP
Switchcane, Giant Cane
NATLw: Infrequent; hammock (H12).

Asemeia violacea * (Euphorbiaceae)
Showy Milkwort
NATLw: Present.

Asclepias amplexicaulis (Apocynaceae)
Clasping Milkweed
NATLw: Rare; hammock, upland pine (D5, E8).

Asclepias curassavica * (Apocynaceae)
Scarlet Milkweed, Tropical Milkweed
NATLw: One plant in SEEP, near entrance from NAP.

Asclepias tuberosa = Asclepias rolfsii  (Apocynaceae) AWIPPP
Butterflyweed, Butterfly Milkweed
NATLw: Infrequent; upland pine (C11, D2, D3).

Asemeia violacea * (Euphorbiaceae)
Showy Milkwort
NATLw: Present.

Asimina angustifolia = Asimina longifolia  (Annonaceae) AWIPPP
Slimleaf Pawpaw
NATLw: Infrequent; upland pine (A8, B8, D7).

Asimina incana  (Annonaceae) AWIPPP
Polecat Bush, Woolly Pawpaw
NATLw: Rare; dry slope (J5).

Asimina parviflora  (Annonaceae) AWIPPP
Smallflower Pawpaw
NATLw: Frequent; hammock.
NATLe: Dominant in understory of mesic hammock.

Asimina pygmea (Annonaceae) AWIPPP
Dwarf Pawpaw
NATLw: Weaver 2007.

Asimina reticulata (Annonaceae) AWIPPP
Netted Pawpaw
NATLw: Present.

Asparagus setaceus* (Asparagaceae)
Asparagus Fern
NATLw: Single large patch along South Trail

Asplenium platyneuron (Aspleniaceae)
Ebony Spleenwort
NATLw: Frequent; hammock.
NATLe: Dominant in understory of mesic hammock.

Astragalus villosus (Fabaceae)
Bearded Milkvetch
NATLw: Present.

Baccharis halimifolia (Asteraceae)
Common Saltbush
NATLw: Frequent; old fields, wetlands.

Bacopa caroliniana (Plantaginaceae) AWIPPP
Lemon Bacopa
NATLw: Present in SEEP area.

Betula nigra (Betulaceae)
River Birch
NATLw: Rare; wetlands, planted saplings (H2).

Bidens alba (Asteraceae)
Beggarticks, Spanish needles, Romerillo
NATLw: Common; old fields, present in SEEP area.
NATLe: Present.
NTphotosign-flower NTphotosign-seeds

Bidens bipinnata (Asteraceae)
Spanish Needles
NATLw: Infrequent; along trail (H7).

Bidens laevis (Asteraceae)
NATLw: Planted in SEEP 1999.
NATLe: Many; cross-marsh walkway (O9).

Bignonia capreolata  (Bignoniaceae)
NATLw: Rare; hammock (E9, I12).
NATLe: Dominant in understory of mesic hammock.

Boerhavia diffusa  (Nyctaginaceae)
Red Spiderling, Wineflower
NATLw: Present along fence behind Performing Arts Center.

Boltonia diffusa (Asteraceae)
Smallhead Doll's Daisy
NATLw: Rare; old fields (J3).
NTphotosign-flower NTphotosign-seed

Bothriochloa bladhii * = Bothriochloa intermedia (Poaceae)
Australian Beardgrass, Caucasian Bluestem
NATLw: Infrequent; wetlands (J3).

Botrychium biternatum (Ophioglossaceae)
Southern Grape-fern
NATLw: Rare; edge of hammock (H8).

Brickellia eupatorioides = Kuhnia eupatorioides (Asteraceae)
False Boneset
NATLw: Rare: pinelands (B8).

Broussonetia papyrifera * (Moraceae)
Paper Mulberry
NATLw: Rare; edge of firebreak (A11).
NATLe: Occasional.

Bulbostylis barbata * (Cyperaceae)
NATLw: Infrequent; firebreak (D4).

Bulbostylis ciliatifolia (Cyperaceae)
Capillary Hairsedge
NATLw: Common along UP nature trail.

Butia capitata * (Lamiaceae)
Pindo Palm
NATLw: Present.

Callicarpa americana (Arecaceae)
American Beautyberry
NATLw: Common; hammock.
NATLe: Dominant in understory of mesic hammock.
NTphotosign NTphotosign NTphotosign

Callirhoe papaver (Malvaceae)
Woodland Poppymallow
NATLw: Rare; pinelands, transplanted July 2002 (D6).

Callisia graminea (Commelinaceae)
Grassleaf Roseling
NATLw: Rare; pinelands.

Campsis radicans  (Bignoniaceae)
Trumpet Creeper, Trumpetvine
NATLw: Frequent; hammock (K11).
NATLe: Dominant in understory of mesic hammock.

Capsella bursa-pastoris * (Brassicaceae)
Shepherd's Purse
NATLw: Present.

Cardamine pensylvanica (Brassicaceae)
Pennsylvania Bittercrest
NATLw: In shallow water near east end of boardwalk (I1) .

Carex comosa (Cyperaceae) AWIPPP
Longhair Sedge
NATLe: Present.

Carex dasycarpa (Cyperaceae)
Sandywoods Sedge
NATLw: Weaver and Garland 2007.

Carex digitalis  (Cyperaceae) AWIPPP
Slender Woodland Sedge
NATLw: Frequent; hammock (H8).

Carex fissa  (Cyperaceae) AWIPPP
Hammock Sedge
NATLw: Rare; wetlands (G5).
NATLe: Present.

Carex intumescens  (Cyperaceae) AWIPPP
Greater Bladder Sedge
NATLe: Present.

Carex longii  (Cyperaceae) AWIPPP
Long's Sedge
NATLw: [CM] OFS; I, F, or C (I5/J5, lawn at edge of woods).

Carex lupuliformis  (Cyperaceae) AWIPPP
False Hop Sedge
NATLw: Infrequent; wetlands (K11).

Carex sp.  AWIPPP
NATLw: Infrequent; pinelands (E7).

Carpinus caroliniana (Betulaceae)
American Hornbeam, Blue Beech, Ironwood
NATLw: Infrequent; hammock, along roadway (F10).

Carya alba = Carya tomentosa (Juglandaceae)
Mockernut Hickory
NATLw: Frequent; pinelands, hammock (C10, H7).

Carya aquatica (Juglandaceae)
Water Hickory
NATLw: Planted in SEEP 1999.

Carya glabra (Juglandaceae)
Pignut Hickory
NATLw: Common; hammock, pinelands (H4).
NATLe: Dominant in canopy of mesic hammock.

Carya illinoinensis * (Juglandaceae)
NATLw: Rare; old field plots.

Castanea pumila = Castanea alnifolia (Fagaceae)
Southern Chinquapin
NATLw: Infrequent; pinelands (D5).

Catalpa bignonioides (Bignoniaceae)
Southern Catalpa
NATLw: Several trees at edge of SEEP (planted?).

Ceanothus americanus (Rhamnaceae)
New Jersey Tea
NATLw: Rare; pinelands (D5).

Celtis laevigata (Celtidaceae)
NATLw: Infrequent; hammock, pinelands, small trees along roadway (D11).
NATLe: Present in mesic hammock, dominant shrub in wetland areas.

Cenchrus echinatus (Poaceae)
Southern Sandbur
NATLw: Infrequent; old fields (A8, G4).

Centrosema virginianum  (Fabaceae)
Spurred Butterfly Pea
NATLw: Frequent; pinelands.

Cephalanthus occidentalis  (Rubiaceae) AWIPPP
NATLw: Frequent; wetlands.
NATLe: Dominant shrub in wetland areas.

Cercis canadensis (Fabaceae)
NATLw: Rare; pinelands (s.w. corner of E7).

Chamaecrista fasciculata (Fabaceae)
Partridge Pea, Wild Sensitive Plant
NATLw: Infrequent; old fields (J5).
NTphotosign-flower NTphotosign-foliage NTphotosign-seeds

Chamaecrista nictitans (Fabaceae)
Sensitive Pea
NATLw: Infrequent; old fields (H7).

Chamaesyce hirta (Euphorbiaceae)
Pillpod Sandmat
NATLw: Public Area Upland Pine, Block A.

Chamaesyce hyssopifolia (Euphorbiaceae)
NATLw: Frequent; old fields.

Chasmanthium laxum (Poaceae)
Slender Woodoats
NATLw: Frequent; hammock.

Chenopodium album * = Chenopodium giganteum (Amaranthaceae)
NATLw: Infrequent; old fields.

Chenopodium ambrosioides * (Amaranthaceae)
Mexican Tea
NATLw: Infrequent; old fields (H4).

Chionanthus virginicus (Oleaceae)
White Fringetree
NATLw: Rare; hamock, pinelands, large shrub (s.w. corner of E9, H8, D11).
NATLe: Present in mesic hammock.

Chloris gayana * (Poaceae)
NATLw: Infrequent; old fields (J5).

Chrysopsis mariana (Asteraceae)
Maryland Goldenaster
NATLw: Infrequent; pinelands (D5).

Cinnamomum camphora *  (Lauraceae) AWIPPP
NATLw: Rare; pinelands (D2, E7).
NATLe: Present.

Citrus x aurantium * (Rutaceae)
Sour Orange
NATLw: Rare; hammock (E7, two small trees; I11, solitary shrub near s. fence).
NATLe: Present.

Clematis crispa  (Ranuncluaceae) AWIPPP  
Swamp Leather-flower
NATLw: Infrequent; pinelands, along roadway (B9).

Clematis reticulata  (Ranuncluaceae)
Netleaf Leather-flower
NATLw: Rare, hammocks (G10 near Gasline Trail).

Clematis virginiana  (Ranuncluaceae)
NATLw: Rare, hammocks (G10 near Gasline Trail).

Clethra alnifolia (Clethraceae)
Coastal Sweet Pepperbush
NATLw: Planted in SEEP 1999.

Clitoria mariana  (Fabaceae)
Atlantic Pigeonwings
NATLw: Rare; dry slope (J5).

Cnidoscolus stimulosus (Euphorbiaceae)
Tread-softly, Finger-rot
NATLw: Frequent; pinelands.
NATLe: Present.

Colocasia esculenta *  (Areceae) AWIPPP
Wild Taro, Dasheen, Coco Yam
NATLe: Common in wet areas.

Commelina benghalensis * (Commelinaceae)
NATLw: Along DPI trail-herbarium specimen collection on 28 September 2005.

Commelina diffusa * (Commelinaceae)
Common Dayflower
NATLw: Frequent; hammock, wetlands, bottom of sinkhole pond (K11).

Commelina erecta (Commelinaceae)
Whitemouth Dayflower
NATLw: [CM] UPB; I, F, or C (D2, along firebreak).

Conyza bonariensis * (Asteraceae)
NATLw: North Trail south of Phillips Center.

Conyza canadensis = Conyza parva (Asteraceae)
Ponyweed, Canadian Horseweed
NATLw: Infrequent; old fields (I4).

Corchorus aestuans (Malvaceae)
NATLw: [CM] OFS; I or F (E2/F2, along fence).

Cornus asperifolia (Cornaceae)
Roughleaf Dogwood
NATLw: Infrequent; pinelands (D11).

Cornus florida (Cornaceae)
Flowering Dogwood
NATLw: Infrequent; pinelands (B8).

Cornus foemina (Cornaceae) AWIPPP
Swamp Dogwood
NATLw: Planted in SEEP 1999.

Corydalis micrantha (Fumariaceae)
Harlequin, Smallflower Fumewort
NATLw: Infrequent; wetlands (E7, J5).

Crataegus marshallii (Rosaceae)
Parsley Haw/Hawthorn
NATLw: Rare; hammock, single shrub (H11).

Crataegus michauxii = Crataegus flava (Rosaceae)
Summer Haw
NATLw: Infrequent; pinelands (B10, D7).

Crataegus uniflora (Rosaceae)
Dwarf Hawthorn, One-flowered Haw
NATLw: Frequent; hammock, pinelands (C10, D11).
NATLe: In mesic hammock.

Crocanthemum carolinianum (Cistaceae)
Carolina Frostweed
NATLw: Along DPI trail; collected DPI herbarium specimen on 25 Mar 2009.

Crocanthemum corymbosum (Cistaceae)
Pinebarren Frostweed
NATLw: Frequent; pinelands.

Crotalaria lanceolata * (Fabaceae)
Lanceleaf Rattlebox
NATLw: Frequent; pinelands, old fields.

Crotalaria ochroleuca * (Fabaceae)
Slenderleaf Rattlebox
NATLw: Single plant along the edge of 9-yr old field (w of peach tree; F-4).

Crotalaria pallida * = Crotalaria mucronata (Fabaceae)
Smooth Rattlebox
NATLw: Rare; old fields (D5).

Crotalaria pumila (Fabaceae)
Low Rattlebox
NATLw: [CM] HAM; I or F (F5, in woods).

Crotalaria rotundifolia (Fabaceae)
NATLw: Rare; pinelands (D5).

Crotalaria spectabilis * (Fabaceae)
Showy Rattlebox, Yellow Rattlebox
NATLw: Rare; pinelands, old fields (A9, D6).
NTphotosign NTphotosign

Croton glandulosus (Euphorbiaceae)
Vente Conmigo, Croton
NATLw: Rare; old fields, firebreak (D4).

Croton argyranthemus (Euphorbiaceae)
Silver Croton
NATLw: Present.

Cyclospermum leptophyllum * (Apiaceae)
Marsh Parsley
NATLw: Near west end of boardwalk (not in water) (H2).

Cynanchum scoparium (Apocynaceae)
Milkweed Vine
NATLw: Present.

Cynodon dactylon * (Poaceae)
NATLw: Frequent; old fields.

Cyperus compressus   (Cyperaceae) AWIPPP
Poorland Flatsedge
NATLw: Rare; firebreak (D4), wet ditch (F5).

Cyperus croceus = Cyperus globulosus  (Cyperaceae) AWIPPP
Baldwin’s Flatsedge
NATLw: Infrequent; pinelands, old fields (F5, G5).

Cyperus distinctus  (Cyperaceae) AWIPPP
Swamp Flatsedge
NATLw: Common; marshy pond margin.

Cyperus entrerianus *  (Cyperaceae) AWIPPP
Woodrush Flatsedge
NATLw: Frequent; moist pond slope.

Cyperus flavescens  (Cyperaceae) AWIPPP
Yellow Flatsedge
NATLw: Infrequent; wetlands.

Cyperus iria *  (Cyperaceae) AWIPPP
Ricefield Flatsedge
NATLw: Infrequent; pond margin (H3).

Cyperus plukenetii  (Cyperaceae) AWIPPP
Plukenett’s Flatsedge
NATLw: Rare; pinelands (D5).

Cyperus retrorsus  (Cyperaceae) AWIPPP
Pinebarren Flatsedge
NATLw: Infrequent; pinelands (D5, E5).

Cyperus strigosus  (Cyperaceae) AWIPPP
Strawcolored Flatsedge
NATLw: Rare; wet ditch (F5).

Cyperus surinamensis  (Cyperaceae) AWIPPP
Tropical Flatsedge
NATLw: Frequent; marshy pond margin.
NATLe: Present.
Cyperus virens  (Cyperaceae) AWIPPP
Green Flatsedge
NATLw: [CM] OFS; R or I (I5/J5, lawn at edge of woods).

Cyrilla racemiflora (Cyrillaceae)
NATLw: Planted in SEEP 1999.

Dactyloctenium aegyptium * (Poaceae)
Durban Crowfootgrass
NATLw: Infrequent; old field (D4, D7), firebreak (H5).

Decumaria barbara  (Hydrangeaceae)
Climbing Hydrangea
NATLe: Common in wetter areas.

Descurainia pinnata (Brassicaceae)
Western Tansymustard
NATLw: Present.

Desmodium floridanum (Fabaceae)
Florida Ticktrefoil
NATLw: Rare; edge of pineland (D5).

Desmodium glabellum (Fabaceae)
Dillenius’ Ticktrefoil
NATLw: Infrequent; edge of cut-over woods (D5).

Desmodium incanum * (Fabaceae)
Zarzabacoa Comun, Tick Clover
NATLw: Infrequent; old fields (J5).
NATLe: Present.

Desmodium paniculatum (Fabaceae)
Panicled Ticktrefoil
NATLw: Infrequent; edge of cut-over woods (D5, D6).

Desmodium strictum (Fabaceae)
Pinebarren Ticktrefoil
NATLw: Rare; cut-over woods (J5, D6).

Desmodium tortuosum * (Fabaceae)
Florida Beggarweed
NATLw: Infrequent; old field (A9, I1), open slope.

Desmodium tenuifolium (Fabaceae)
Slimleaf Ticktrefoil
NATLw: Present.

Dichanthelium aciculare = Panicum aciculare (Poaceae)
Needleleaf Witchgrass
NATLw: Rare; edge of pinewoods (D5).

Dichanthelium boscii = Panicum boscii (Poaceae)
Bosc’s Witchgrass
NATLw: Rare; hammock (H8, H10).

Dichanthelium commutatum = Panicum commutatum (Poaceae)
Variable Witchgrass
NATLw: Common; hammock, pineland, mostly in openings.

Dichanthelium dichotomum = Panicum dichotomum (Poaceae)
Cypress Witchgrass
NATLw: Frequent; pinelands.

Dichanthelium laxiflorum = Panicum laxiflorum (Poaceae)
Openflower Witchgrass
NATLw: Common; openings in hammock.

Dichanthelium ovale (Poaceae)
Eggleaf Witchgrass, Sandhill Panicgrass
NATLw: Patch identified in D3 of public-area pine.

Dichondra carolinensis (Convolvulaceae)
Carolina Ponysfoot
NATLw: Common; along roadway.

Digitaria ciliaris (Poaceae)
Southern Crabgrass, Carolina Ponysfoot
NATLw: Locally abundant in firebreaks.

Digitaria filiformis (Poaceae)
Slender Crabgrass, Shaggy Crabgrass
NATLw: Occasional, in public-area pine (E3).

Digitaria serotina (Poaceae)
Blanket Crabgrass
NATLw: Patch identified in D5 of public-area pine.

Diodia teres (Rubiaceae)
Poor Joe, Rough Buttonweed
NATLw: Frequent; old fields.

Dioscorea alata *  (Dioscoreaceae) AWIPPP  
White Yam, Water Yam
NATLw: Rare; old house site (F7).

Dioscorea bulbifera *  (Dioscoreaceae) AWIPPP  
Air Potato, Bitter Yam
NATLw: Infrequent: pinelands (E7).
NATLe: Occasional along eastern edge of mesic hammock.

Dioscorea floridana  (Dioscoreaceae)
Florida Yam, Wild Yam
NATLw: Common; hammocks.
NATLe: Dominant in understory of mesic hammock.

Diospyros virginiana (Ebenaceae)
NATLw: Infrequent; hammock, pinelands (F7), along road (D7).
NATLe: Present in mesic hammock and in wetland areas.

Dyschoriste oblongifolia (Acanthaceae)
Oblongleaf Twin Flower, Oblongleaf Snakeherb
NATLw: Frequent; pinelands (n. w. corner of D4).

Echinochloa colona * (Poaceae)
Jungle Rice
NATLw: Frequent; firebreaks.

Echinochloa crusgalli * (Poaceae)
NATLw: Frequent; marshy shore.

Echinochloa walteri (?) * (Poaceae) AWIPPP
Coast Cockspur
NATLw: Common; marshy shore and emergent from shallow water.

Eclipta prostrata (Asteraceae)
False Daisy
NATLw: Infrequent; wet ditch (F5).

Eichhornia crassipes *  (Pontederiaceae) AWIPPP
Common Water Hyacinth
NATLe: Common in wetlands.

Elaeagnus pungens * (Elaeagnaceae)
Silverthorn, Thorny Olive
NATLw: Rare; hammock, single small shrub (H11).

Eleocharis baldwinii  (Cyperaceae) AWIPPP
NATLw: Infrequent; wetlands, small tufts on sandy bank (I3).

Elephantopus carolinianus (Asteraceae)
Carolina Elephantsfoot
NATLw: Frequent; hammocks.
NATLe: Present.

Elephantopus elatus (Asteraceae)
Tall Elephantsfoot
NATLw: Frequent in pinelands; infrequent in old fields (H4).
NTphotosign-flower NTphotosign-seeds

Eleusine indica * (Poaceae)
Indian Goosegrass
NATLw: Frequent; firebreaks.

Emilia fosbergii * = Emilia coccinea (Asteraceae)
Red Tasselflower
NATLw: Rare; firebreak (w. edge of D4).

Epidendrum conopsem (Orchidaceae)
Green-Fly Orchid
NATLe: On partially fallen tree in NATLe marsh.

Eragrostis amabilis * (Poaceae)
Feather Lovegrass
NATLw: Found along DPI fence.

Eragrostis elliottii  (Poaceae) AWIPPP
Elliott’s Lovegrass
NATLw: Rare; pinelands (D5).

Eragrostis spectabilis (Poaceae)
Purple Lovegrass
NATLw: Infrequent, in public-area upland pine (D6).

Erechtites hieraciifolius (Asteraceae)
Fireweed, Burnweed
NATLw: Rare; old fields, wetlands (F3, K11).

Eremochloa ophiuroides * (Poaceae)
NATLw: Patch on DPI Trail (D4).

Erigeron strigosus (Asteraceae)
Prairie Fleabane
NATLw: Frequent; old fields.

Eriobotrya japonica * (Rosaceae)
Loquat, Japanese Fig Tree
NATLe: Occasional throughout.

Eriogonum tomentosum (Polygonaceae)
Dogtongue Wild Buckwheat
NATLw: Present.

Eryngium baldwinii (Apiaceae)
Baldwin’s Eryngo
NATLw: Infrequent; wetland, near pond (I1).

Erythrina herbacea (Fabaceae)
Cherokee Bean, Coral Bean
NATLw: Infrequent; pinelands (D7).
NATLe: Dominant in understory of mesic hammock.
NTphotosign NTphotosign_flw

Euonymus americanus (Celastraceae)
American Strawberrybush, Hearts-A-Busting
NATLw: Rare; edge of hammock (F7, H11).
NATLe: Dominant in understory of mesic hammock.

Eupatorium capillifolium (Asteraceae)
NATLw: Frequent; old fields, wetlands.
NATLe: Dominant in understory of mesic hammock.

Eupatorium compositifolium (Asteraceae)
NATLw: Infrequent; pinelands (D7).

Eupatorium serotinum (Asteraceae)
Lateflowering Thoroughwort
NATLw: Frequent; pinelands.

Euphorbia graminea * (Euphorbiaceae)
Grassleaf Spurge
NATLw: Weaver and Garland 2007.

Eustachys distichophylla * (Poaceae)
Weeping Fingergrass
NATLw: [CM] OFS; R or I (J4/J5, lawn at edge of woods).

Eustachys neglecta (Poaceae)
Fourspike Fingergrass
NATLw: Public area upland pine.

Eustachys petraea = Chloris petraea (Poaceae)
Pinewoods Fingergrass
NATLw: Rare; firebreak (D4).

Fatoua villosa * (Moraceae)
Hairy Crabweed
NATLw: Rare; old field, along roadway (E7).

Ficus pumila * (Moraceae)
Climbing Fig
NATLw: Along south NATLw fence by Archer Woods Apartments.

Fraxinus americana (Oleaceae)
White Ash
NATLw: Infrequent; hammocks (H7).
NATLe: Present in mesic hammock.

Fraxinus caroliniana  (Oleaceae) AWIPPP
Pop Ash
NATLw: Rare; wetlands, planted saplings (H2).

Fumaria officinalis * (Fumariaceae)
Drug Fumitory
NATLw: Along DPI fence.

Galactia elliottii  (Fabaceae)
Elliott’s Milkpea
NATLw: Rare; dry slope (J5).

Galactia regularis (Fabaceae)
Downy Milkpea
NATLw: Frequent; pinelands.

Galactia volubilis (Fabaceae)
Eastern Milkpea
NATLw: Present.

Galium aparine (Rubiaceae)
Spring Cleavers, Bedstraw, Goosegrass, Stickywilly
NATLw: Frequent; disturbed area (E7).

Galium hispidulum (Rubiaceae)
Coastal Bedstraw
NATLw: Frequent; hammock, pinelands, old fields, atop berm.
NATLe: Present.

Galium pilosum (Rubiaceae)
Hairy Bedstraw
NATLw: Frequent; pinelands.

Galium tinctorium (Rubiaceae)
Stiff Marsh Bedstraw
NATLw: Infrequent; bottom of retention pond (H5, J5).

Gaillardia pulchella (Asteraceae)
Firewheel, Indian Blanket
NATLw: Old-field Plot A.

Gamochaeta pensylvanica = Gnaphalium pensylvanicum * (Asteraceae)
Pennsylvania Everlasting
NATLw: Rare; old fields, firebreak (D7).

Gelsemium sempervirens  (Gelsemiaceae) AWIPPP  
Yellow Jessamine
NATLw: Common in hammock, infrequent in pinelands.
NATLe: Dominant in understory of mesic hammock.

Geranium carolinianum (Geraniaceae)
Carolina Cranesbill
NATLw: Common; old fields.
NTphotosign-flower NTphotosign-seeds

Gomphrena serrata * = Gomphrena dispersa (Amaranthaceae)
Globe Amaranth
NATLw: Infrequent; old fields, firebreak (D4).

Gordonia lasianthus  (Theaceae) AWIPPP
Loblolly Bay
NATLw: Infrequent; wetlands, planted saplings (H2).

Hedera helix * (Araliaceae)
English Ivy

Helianthus agrestis (Asteraceae)
Southeastern Sunflower
NATLw: [CM] OFS; I, F, or C (F3).

Helianthus floridanus (Asteraceae)
Florida Sunflower
NATLw: Present.

Helianthus strumosus (Asteraceae)
Paleleaf Woodland Sunflower
NATLw: Frequent; old fields, pinelands.

Helianthus radula (Asteraceae) AWIPPP
Stiff Sunflower
NATLw: Present.

Heteropogon melanocarpus * (Poaceae)
Sweet Tanglehead
NATLw: Weaver and Garland 2007.

Heterotheca subaxillaris (Asteraceae)
NATLw: Rare; old fields (A8, J5).

Hieracium gronovii (Asteraceae)
Queen-devil, Hawkweed
NATLw: Rare; pinelands (D5, D7).

Houstonia procumbens = Hedyotis procumbens  (Rubiaceae) AWIPPP
Innocence, Roundleaf Bluet
NATLw: [CM] UPB; I or F (D2, in the firebreak).

Hydrilla verticillata * (Hydrocharitaceae) AWIPPP
Hydrilla, Waterthyme
NATLw: in the SEEP

Hydrocotyle bonariensis  (Araliaceae)
Water Pennywort
NATLw: Rare; firebreak (D3).

Hydrocotyle ranunculoides (Araliaceae) AWIPPP
Floating Marshpennywort
NATLe: Many; cross-marsh walkway (O9).

Hydrocotyle umbellata  (Araliaceae) AWIPPP
Marsh Pennywort
NATLw: Frequent; wetlands.
NATLe: Common in wetter areas.

Hydrocotyle verticillata (Araliaceae)
Whorled Marshpennywort
NATLe: Present.

Hypericum hypericoides = Ascyrum hypericoides (Clusiaceae)
St. Andrew’s-cross
NATLw: Infrequent; pinelands, old fields (A9, B9, J5).

Hypericum galioides (Clusiaceae)
Bedstraw St. John's-wort
NATLw: Present.

Hyptis mutabilis (Lamiaceae)
Tropical Bushmint
NATLw: Infrequent; along roadway (E7).

Hyptis alata (Lamiaceae) AWIPPP
Clustered Bushmint, Musky Mint
NATLw: Present.

Ilex cassine (Aquifoliaceae) AWIPPP
NATLw: Planted in SEEP 1999.

Ilex opaca (Aquifoliaceae)
American Holly
NATLw: Rare; hammock, two small trees nr. Main Trail (E5).

Ilex vomitoria (Aquifoliaceae)
Yaupon, Yaupon Holly
NATLw: Infrequent; hammock (H10, H11).
NATLe: Present.

Imperata cylindrica *  (Poaceae) AWIPPP
NATLw: Old field plots. A dangerously
INVASIVE species; should be removed!

Indigofera hirsuta * (Fabaceae)
Hairy Indigo
NATLw: Frequent; slope above pond.
NTphotosign-flower NTphotosign-seeds

Indigofera spicata * = Indigofera endecaphylla (Fabaceae)
Trailing Indigo
NATLw: Rare; along roadway (E7).

Ipomoea cordatotriloba = Ipomoea trichocarpa  (Convolvulaceae)
Pink-flowered Morning-glory, Tievine
NATLw: Common; old fields.

Ipomoea hederacea *  (Convolvulaceae)
Ivyleaf Morning-glory
NATLw: Frequent; old fields.

Ipomoea hederifolia  (Convolvulaceae)
Scarlet Creeper
NATLw: Common; old fields, on fence.

Ipomoea indica  (Convolvulaceae) AWIPPP  
Oceanblue Morning-glory
NATLw: [CM] HAM; I, F, or C (F7, in woods).

Ipomoea pandurata  (Convolvulaceae)
NATLw: Common; pinelands.
NATLe: Present.

Ipomoea quamoclit  * (Convolvulaceae) AWIPPP  
NATLw: Frequent; grassy slope above pond.

Ipomoea triloba * (Convolvulaceae)
NATLw: Single large patch on OFNT nr end of Plot D (G5).

Ipomoea turbinata  (Convolvulaceae)
NATLw: [CM] OFS; I, F, or C (H3, along the north side of the trail).

Iresine diffusa = Iresine celosia (Amaranthaceae)
Juba’s Bush
NATLw: Rare; old fields, firebreak (D3, F11, G7).

Iris spp. * (Iridaceae)
NATLw: Present in SEEP area.
NATLe: Present.

Itea virginica (Iteaceae) AWIPPP
Virginia Willow
NATLw: Planted in SEEP 1999.

Jasminum mesnyi * (Oleaceae)
Japanese Jasmine
NATLw: Rare; pinelands, disturbed area (E7).

Juglans nigra (Juglandaceae)
Black Walnut
NATLw: Four planted in Hammock, April 2013.

Juncus dichotomus  (Juncaceae) AWIPPP
Forked Rush
NATLw: Infrequent; wetlands (H3).

Juncus effusus  (Juncaceae) AWIPPP
Soft Needle Rush, Soft Rush
NATLw: Frequent; wetlands.

Juncus repens  (Juncaceae) 
Lesser Creeping Rush
NATLw: Frequent; sandy edge of pond.

Juncus elliottii (Juncaceae)
Bog Rush, Elliot's Rush
NATLw: Present.

Juniperus virginiana = Juniperus silicicola = Juniperus virginiana var. silicicola (Cupressaceae)
Southern Red Cedar
NATLw: Rare; hammock (E9, H1, F7). Also two trees on road shoulder, just outside east fence.
NATLe: Present in mesic hammock.

Koelreuteria elegans * (Sapindaceae)
NATLw: Rare; edge of hammock (G11).

Krigia virginica (Asteraceae)
Virginia Dwarfdandelion
NATLw: Rare; OF plots.

Kyllinga squamulata * (Cyperaceae)
Asian Spikesedge, Crested Greenhead Sedge
NATLw: Weaver and Garland 2007.

Lachnanthes caroliniana (Haemodoraceae) AWIPPP
Carolina Redroot
NATLw: Planted in SEEP 1999.

Lactuca canadensis (Asteraceae)
Canada Lettuce
NATLw: Infrequent; old fields, robust plants, to 3 m. (G3).

Lactuca graminifolia (Asteraceae)
Grassleaf Lettuce
NATLw: Rare; firebreak (C8).

Lactuca floridana (Asteraceae)
Woodland Lettuce, Florida Lettuce
NATLw: Rare;firebreak (E4).

Lamium amplexicaule * (Lamiaceae)
NATLw: Common; in old fields and other disturbed areas.

Laportea aestuans * (Urticaceae)
West Indian Woodnettle
NATLw: Edge of fire break at northwest corner of upland pine (D2).

Lantana camara * (Verbenaceae) AWIPPP
NATLw: Infrequent; old fields (F4).
NATLe: Occasional at property edges.

Lechea minor (Cistaceae)
Thymeleaf Pinweed
NATLw: Present.

Lechea mucronata (Cistaceae)
Hairy Pinweed, Large Pinweed
NATLw: Just north of the Main Trail in Old Field Plot C (E5).

Leersia virginica (Poaceae)
NATLw: Weaver and Garland 2007.

Lepidium virginicum (Brassicaceae)
Virginia Pepperweed
NATLw: Infrequent; old fields (H4).

Lespedeza stuevei (Fabaceae)
Tall Lespedeza
NATLw: Infrequent; pinelands (D3).

Leucaena leucocephala * (Fabaceae)
White Leadtree
NATLw: E5, D3.

Liatris elegans (Asteraceae)
Pinkscale Gayfeather, Pinkscale Blazing Star
NATLw: Rare; pinelands (w. edge of D5).

Licania michauxii (Chrysobalanaceae)
Gopher Apple
NATLw: Present.

Ligustrum lucidum * (Oleaceae)
Glossy Privet
NATLw: Rare; hammock, pineland (E7, E9, G8).
NATLe: Occasional throughout.

Ligustrum sinense *  (Oleaceae) AWIPPP
Chinese Privet
NATLe: Throughout.

Linaria canadensis (Scrophulariaceae)
Canadian Toadflax
NATLw: Present.

Lindernia dubia (Plantaginaceae)
Moistbank Pimpernel
NATLw: Wet ditch on SEEP trail near pavilion (J4).

Liquidambar styraciflua (Altingiaceae)
NATLw: Frequent; wetlands.
NATLe: Dominant in canopies of mesic hammock and wetland areas.
NTphotosign NTphotosign2

Liriodendron tulipifera (Magnoliaceae)
NATLw: Infrequent; slope above pond, planted saplings (H2).

Liriope spicata * (Ruscaceae)
NATLw: Rare; small patch at old house site (F7).

Lithospermum tuberosum (Boraginaceae)
Tuberous Gromwell
NATLw: Rare; hammock, solitary plant (E8).

Lolium perenne * (Poaceae)
Italian Ryegrass
NATLw: Common; old fields.

Lonicera japonica *  (Caprilfoliaceae) AWIPPP  
Japanese Honeysuckle
NATLw: Rare; hammock (G7).

Lonicera sempervirens  (Caprilfoliaceae) AWIPPP  
Coral Honeysuckle, Trumpet Honeysuckle
NATLw: Frequent; hammock.
NATLe: Dominant in understory of mesic hammock.

Ludwigia erecta (Onagraceae) AWIPPP
Yerba de Jicotea
NATLw: Single plant along SEEP boardwalk nr. east end (I1).

Ludwigia octovalvis  (Onagraceae) AWIPPP
Mexican Primrosewillow
NATLw: Infrequent; wet ditch (F5).

Ludwigia peruviana *  (Onagraceae) AWIPPP
Peruvian Primrosewillow
NATLw: Rare; edge of retention pond (J5).
NATLe: Occasional.

Ludwigia repens (Onagraceae) AWIPPP
Creeping Primrosewillow
NATLw: Present in SEEP area.

Luziola fluitans = Hydrochloa caroliniensis (Poaceae)
Southern Watergrass
NATLw: Frequent; shallow water at edge of pond (H3).

Lygodium japonicum * (Schizaeaceae)
Japanese Climbing Fern
NATLw: Infrequent; hammock, climbing on trees at edge of roadway (H7).

Lyonia lucida (Ericaceae)
NATLw: Present in SEEP area.

Macfadyena unguis-cati * (Bignoniaceae)
Cat's Claw Vine
NATLw: Extirpated? Walker 2006.

Macroptilium lathyroides *  (Fabaceae)
Wild Bushbean
NATLw: Rare; edge of hammock (H9).

Magnolia grandiflora (Magnoliaceae)
Southern Magnolia
NATLw: Infrequent; hammock, pineland (A9, E8).
NATLe: Present in mesic hammock.

Magnolia virginiana (Magnoliaceae)
NATLw: Rare; edge of pond, small planted trees (H1).

Manfreda virginica (Agavaceae)
False Aloe
NATLw: Present.

Matelea floridana  (Apocynaceae)
Florida Milkvine, Florida Spiny Pod
NATLw: Rare; pinelands (D4).
NATLe: Uncommon.
NTphotosign - flower NTphotosign - seed

Medicago lupulina *  (Fabaceae)
Black Medick
NATLw: Frequent; old fields.
NATLe: Present.

Medicago polymorpha * (Fabaceae)
Burr Clover
NATLe: Present.

Melanthera nivea (Asteraceae)
Snow Squarestem
NATLw: Rare; pinelands (D7, E7).

Melia azedarach * (Meliaceae) 
Chinaberry Tree
NATLw: Rare; hammock (A11), solitary tree near old house site (F7).

Melilotus albus * (Fabaceae)
White Sweet Clover
NATLw: Common; old fields.

Melothria pendula  (Cucurbitaceae)
Creeping Cucumber
NATLw: Rare; hammock (F5), roadway (H7).

Disitmake dissecta *  (Convolvulaceae)  
Alamo Vine, Noyau Vine
NATLw: old-field plot E (H5).
NATLe: Present.
NTphotosign NTphotosign

Micromeria brownei (Lamiaceae)
Browne's Savary
NATLw: Moist slope near retention pond; herbarium specimen collected on 39? March 2005.

Mikania scandens  (Asteraceae)  
Climbing Hempvine
NATLw: Infrequent; wetlands (H2, I1, K11).
NATLe: Present.

Mimosa quadrivalvis = Schrankia microphylla (Fabaceae)
Sensitive Brier
NATLw: Rare; dry slope (J5).

Mitchella repens (Rubiaceae)
NATLw: Frequent; hammocks, pinelands.
NATLe: Dominant in understory of mesic hammock.

Modiola caroliniana (Malvaceae)
Carolina Bristlemallow
NATLw: Present.

Mollugo verticillata * (Molluginaceae)
Indian Chickweed, Green Carpetweed
NATLw: Infrequent; old fields, firebreak (D4).

Monarda punctata (Lamiaceae)
Spotted Beebalm
NATLw: Rare; dry slope (J5).
NTphotosign NTphotosign

Monotropa uniflora (Ericaceae)
NATLw: Rare; edge of pinelands (D5).

Morus rubra (Moraceae)
Red Mulberry
NATLw: Frequent; hammocks.
NATLe: Present in mesic hammock.

Muhlenbergia capillaris (Poaceae) 
Gulf Muhly
NATLw: Infrequent; public-area pine (E3).

Muhlenbergia schreberi (Poaceae)
Nimblewill Muhly
NATLw: Rare; hammock, single colony (G8).

Murdannia keisak * (Commelinaceae)
Marsh Dewflower
NATLw: Present.
NTphotosign NTphotosign-flower

Murdannia nudiflora * (Commelinaceae)
Nakedstem Dewflower
NATLw: Rare; single patch in firebreak (C11).

Myrica cerifera = Morella cerifera (Myricaceae)
Wax Myrtle, Southern Bayberry
NATLw: Infrequent: pinelands (A8).
NATLe: Dominant in understory of mesic hammock; dominant shrub in wetland areas.

Myriophyllum aquaticum *  (Haloragaceae) AWIPPP
Parrot Feather, Parrotfeather Water Milfoil
NATLe: Common in wet areas.

Nandina domestica * (Berberidaceae) AWIPPP
Sacred Bamboo
NATLw: Along DPI fence.

Nothoscordum borbonicum * (Alliaceae)
Fragrant False Garlic
NATLw: Locally Common; Old Field NT north of peach tree (G4).

Nympheae odorata (Nymphaeaceae) AWIPPP
American White Waterlilly
NATLw: Planted in SEEP 1999.

Nyssa aquatica (Cornaceae)
Water Tupelo
NATLw: Planted in SEEP 1999.

Nyssa ogeche (Cornaceae)
Ogeechee Tupelo
NATLw: Planted in SEEP 1999.

Nyssa sylvatica = Nyssa biflora (Cornaceae)
Swamp Tupelo
NATLw: Rare; solitary tree at edge of sinkhole pond (K11).
NATLe: Dominant in canopy of wetland areas.

Oenothera biennis * (Onagraceae)
Common Evening Primrose
NATLw: Weaver and Garland 2007.

Oenothera laciniata * (Onagraceae)
Cutleaf Evening Primrose
NATLw: Frequent; old fields.

Oldenlandia corymbosa = Hedyotis corymbosa (Rubiaceae)
Flattop Milles Graines
NATLw: Infrequent; old fields, firebreak (D5).

Oldenlandia uniflora (Rubiaceae)
Clustered Mille Graines
NATLw: Present.

Onosmodium virginianum (Boraginaceae)
False Gromwell
NATLw: Present.

Oplismenus hirtellus = Oplismenus setarius (Poaceae)
Woodsgrass, Basketgrass
NATLw: Common; hammock.
NATLe: Present.

Opuntia humifusa = Opuntia lata (Cactaceae)
NATLw: Rare; pineland (D2).

Orontium aquaticum (Araceae) AWIPPP
NATLw: Planted in SEEP 1999.

Osmanthus americanus (Oleaceae)
Wild Olive
NATLe: Present.

Osmunda cinnamomea  (Osmundaceae) 
Cinnamon Fern
NATLe: Common in wetter areas.

Osmunda regalis  (Osmundaceae) 
Royal Fern
NATLe: Common in wetter areas.

Ostrya virginiana (Betulaceae)
Eastern Hophornbeam
NATLw: Common; hammock.
NATLe: Dominant in canopy of mesic hammock.

Oxalis corniculata * (Oxalidaceae)
Creeping Woodsorrel
NATLw: Infrequent; wet shore of retention pond (H2).

Oxalis debilis *  (Oxalidaceae) 
Pink Woodsorrel
NATLw: Infrequent; hammock, trashy area (E7), near old house site (G7).

Oxalis intermedia *  (Oxalidaceae)
Broadleaf Woodsorrel
NATLw: Upland Pine, Block B.

Paederia foetida * (Rubiaceae) AWIPPP  
NATLw: Rare; hammock (s. edge of F9, F10).
INVASIVE VINE; should be removed!

Palafoxia integrifolia (Asteraceae)
Costal Plain Palafox
NATLw: Weaver and Garland 2007.

Panicum anceps (Poaceae) 
Beaked Panicum
NATLw: Single patch near DPI Trail (D3).

Panicum hemitomon (Poaceae) AWIPPP
NATLw: Planted in SEEP 1999.

Panicum maximum *  (Poaceae) AWIPPP
NATLw: Frequent; old fields (A8, J3).
NATLe: Present.

Panicum repens *  (Poaceae) AWIPPP
NATLw: Present in SEEP.

Panicum virgatum (Poaceae)
NATLw: Present in south public area upland pine (D6).

Parietaria floridana (Urticaceae)
Florida Pellitory
NATLw: Present.

Parietaria praetermissa * (Urticaceae)
Clustered Pellitory
NATLw: Infrequent; pinelands, locally abundant (E7).

Paronychia americana (Caryophyllaceae)
American Nailwort
NATLw: [CM] UPB; R or I (D3, along fence).

Paronychia baldwinii (Caryophyllaceae)
Baldwin's Nailwort
NATLw: Along west DPI fence.

Parthenocissus quinquefolia  (Vitaceae)
Virginia Creeper
NATLw: Common; hammock, pineland.
NATLe: Dominant in understory of mesic hammock.

Paspalum bifidum (Poaceae)
Pitchfork Crowngrass
NATLw:Weaver and Garland 2007.

Paspalum notatum (Poaceae)
NATLw: Common; grassy bank above pond, roadway.

Paspalum plicatulum  (Poaceae) 
Brownseed Paspalum
NATLw: [CM] OFS; R or I (I5/J5, lawn at edge of woods).

Paspalum setaceum  (Poaceae) 
Fringeleaf Paspalum
NATLw: Rare; grassy roadway (D5).

Paspalum urvillei *  (Poaceae) 
NATLw: Frequent; wetlands.

Passiflora incarnata  (Passifloraceae)  
Purple Passionflower, May-pop
NATLw: Rare; grassy slope above pond (H3).
NTphotosign-flower NTphotosign-fruit

Passiflora lutea (Passifloraceae)
Yellow Passionflower
NATLw: Present.

Pennisetum purpureum *  (Poaceae) AWIPPP
Elephantgrass, Napiergrass
NATLw: Extirpated from NATL.

Persea palustris (Lauraceae)
Swamp Bay
NATLw: Planted in SEEP 1999.

Persea borbonia (Lauraceae) AWIPPP
Red Bay
NATLw: Present.

Phalaris angusta * (Poaceae)
Timothy Canarygrass
NATLw: Rare; edge of retention pond (H3).

Phaseolus polystachios (Fabaceae)
Thicket Bean
NATLw: [CM] HAM: I, F, or C (G6, in woods).

Phlox drummondii * (Polemoniaceae)
Annual Phlox, Texas Phlox
NATLw: Infrequent; old field (H3).

Phlox pilosa (Polemoniaceae)
Downy Phlox
NATLw: Rare; hammock, pineland, along roadway (D9, G5).

Phyla nodiflora (Verbenaceae)
Matchweed, Turkey Tangle Fogfruit
NATLw: Present.

Phyllanthus tenellus * (Euphorbiaceae)
Mascarene Island Leafflower
NATLw: Rare; old field (w. edge of D6).

Phyllanthus urinaria * (Euphorbiaceae)
Chamber Bitter
NATLw: Common; abundant on roadway (E7 to H7; F4).

Physalis angulata (Solanaceae)
Cutleaf Groundcherry, Wild Tomato
NATLw: Rare; old field, ridge of raw earth (A9).

Physalis pubescens (Solanaceae)
Husk Tomato
NATLw: Rare; old field, firebreak (C11).

Phytolacca americana = Phytolacca rigida (Phytolaccaceae)
American Pokeweed
NATLw: Infrequent; pinelands, old fields (D7, F5, G5).
NATLe: Dominant in understory of mesic hammock.
NTphotosign NTphotosign-fruit NTphotosign-winter

Pinus elliottii (Pinaceae)
Slash Pine
NATLw: Infrequent; wetlands, a few small trees at s.w. corner of pond (H3).
NATLe: Present.

Pinus glabra (Pinaceae)
Spruce Pine
NATLw: Infrequent; hammock, small trees (H9, H10).

Pinus palustris (Pinaceae)
Longleaf Pine
NATLw: Common; pinelands.

Pinus taeda (Pinaceae)
Loblolly Pine
NATLw: Common; pinelands, often the dominant overstory.
NATLe: Dominant in canopy of mesic hammock.

Piptochaetium avenaceum = Stipa avenacea (Poaceae)
Blackseed Needlegrass
NATLw: Rare; edge of firebreak (D4).

Piriqueta cistoides = Piriqueta caroliniana (Turneraceae)
Pitted Stripeseed
NATLw: Rare; pinelands (w. edge of D6).

Pityopsis graminifolia (Asteraceae)
Narrowleaf Silkgrass
NATLw: Infrequent; pinelands (D5).
NTphotosign-flw NTphotosign-win

Planera aquatica (Ulmaceae)
NATLw: Planted in SEEP 1999.

Plantago virginica (Plantaginaceae)
Virginia Plantain
NATLw: Present.

Platanus occidentalis (Platanaceae)
American Sycamore
NATLw: Infrequent; planted saplings on slope of pond (H2, I2).

Pleopeltis polypodioides = Polypodium polypodioides (Polypodiaceae)
Resurrection Fern
NATLw: Frequent; hammock, rare in pinelands (A9).
NATLe: Present.

Poa annua * (Poaceae)
Annual Bluegrass
NATLw: Infrequent; sinkhole pond margin (K11).

Podocarpus macrophyllus * (Podocarpaceae)
Yew Plumpine
NATLe: Present.

Poinsettia cyathophora = Euphorbia cyathophora (Euphorbiaceae)
NATLw: Infrequent; pinelands, along roadway (F7).

Poinsettia heterophylla = Euphorbia heterophylla (Euphorbiaceae)
Fiddler’s Spurge
NATLw: Common, locally abundant; old fields.

Polygonum glabrum = Polygonum densiflorum (Polygonaceae) AWIPPP
Denseflower Knotweed
NATLw: Infrequent; bottom of sinkhole pond (K11).

Polygonum hydropiperoides  (Polygonaceae) AWIPPP
Swamp Smartweed
NATLw: Common; wetlands, in June, the dominant shoreline plant.

Polygonum pensylvanicum   (Polygonaceae)
Pennsylvania Knotweed
NATLw: In SEEP, along the boardwalk.

Polygonum punctatum  (Polygonaceae) AWIPPP
Dotted Smartweed
NATLw: Rare; bottom of sinkhole pond (K11).

Polygonum setaceum (Polygonaceae) AWIPPP
Bog Smartweed
NATLw: Rare; bottom of retention pond (J5).

Polypogon monspeliensis * (Poaceae) 
NATLw: Rare; at SEEP's water control device (I1).

Pontederia cordata (Pontederiaceae) 
NATLw: Infrequent; wetlands (H3).
NATLe: Common in wetter areas.

Portulaca amilis * (Portulacaceae)
Paraguayan Purslane
NATLw: Occasional along OF nature trail.

Portulaca pilosa (Portulacaceae)
Pink Purslane
NATLw: Present.

Prunus caroliniana (Rosaceae)
Carolina Laurelcherry
NATLw: Common; hammock, pinelands.
NATLe: Present in mesic hammock.

Prunus serotina (Rosaceae)
Black Cherry
NATLw: Frequent; pinelands, infrequent in old fields (H4).
NATLe: Present in mesic hammock.

Prunus umbellata (Rosaceae)
Hog Plum
NATLw: Infrequent; hammock, pineland, along roadway (A8, G7).
NATLe: Present in mesic hammock.

Prunus persica * (Rosaceae)
NATLw: Rare; 1 tree in OF plot.

Pseudognaphalium obtusifolium (Asteraceae)
Sweet Everlasting
NATLw: Present.

Pteridium aquilinum (Dennstaedtiaceae)
Bracken Fern
NATLw: Frequent; pineland, infrequent in hammock (F8).
NATLe: Present.

Pterocaulon pycnostachyum (Asteraceae)
NATLw: Present.

Ptilimnium capillaceum (Apiaceae)
Mock Bishop’s-weed
NATLw: Frequent; pond margin.

Pyrrhopappus carolinianus (Asteraceae)
Florida Dandelion, Carolina Desert Chicory
NATLw: Infrequent; old field (H4).

Quercus falcata (Fagaceae)
Southern Red Oak
NATLw: Frequent; pinelands.
NATLe: Present.

Quercus geminata (Fagaceae)
Sand Live Oak
NATLe: Present in mesic hammock.

Quercus hemisphaerica (Fagaceae)
Laurel Oak [ISB synonymizes this and Q. laurifolia]
NATLw: Abundant; hammocks, pinelands.
NATLe: Dominant in canopy of mesic hammock, present in wetland areas.

Quercus laevis (Fagaceae)
Turkey Oak
NATLw: Frequent; pinelands.

Quercus laurifolia (Fagaceae)
Diamond Oak [ISB synonymizes this and Q. hemisphaerica]
NATLe: Present in wetland areas.

Quercus margaretta (Fagaceae)
Sand Post Oak
NATLw: Rare; pinelands (D5).

Quercus michauxii (Fagaceae)
Basket Oak, Swamp Chestnut Oak
NATLw: Frequent; hammocks.
NATLe: Present in mesic hammock.

Quercus nigra (Fagaceae)
Water Oak
NATLw: Common; hammocks, wetlands.
NATLe: Dominant in canopy of mesic hammock, present in wetland areas.

Quercus pumila (Fagaceae)
Running Oak
NATLw: Present.

Quercus shumardii (Fagaceae)
Shumard's oak
NATLw: 6' volunteer tree in H2 (next to corral fence)

Quercus virginiana (Fagaceae)
Live Oak
NATLw: Infrequent; pinelands (A9).
NATLe: Present in mesic hammock.

Raphanus raphanistrum * (Brassicaceae)
Wild Radish
NATLw: Frequent; old fields.

Rhus copallinum (Anacardiaceae)
Winged Sumac, Shining Sumac
NATLw: Frequent; pinelands, infrequent along raodway in hammock (H7).
NATLe: Present in wetland areas.

Rhynchospora corniculata (Cyperaceae)
Short Bristle Horned Beaksedge
NATLe: Frequent; edge of marsh (M5).

Richardia brasiliensis * (Rubiaceae)
Tropical Mexican Clover
NATLw: Frequent; firebreaks.

Richardia scabra (Rubiaceae)
Florida Pusley
NATLw: Frequent; old fields, on disturbed soils.

Rubus argutus (Rosaceae)
Highbush Blackberry
NATLw: Infrequent; old fields (H4).
NATLe: Present.

Rubus cuneifolius (Rosaceae)
Sand Blackberry
NATLw: Infrequent; old fields, along roadway (D9).

Rubus pensilvanicus (Rosaceae)
Sawtooth Blackberry
NATLw: Present.

Rubus trivialis (Rosaceae)
Southern Dewberry
NATLw: Infrequent; old fields (H7).
NATLe: Dominant in understory of mesic hammock.
NTphotosign NTphotosign-fruit NTphotosign-flower NTphotosign-winter

Rudbeckia hirta (Asteraceae)
Blackeyed Susan
NATLw: Rare; pinelands (D7).

Ruellia caroliniensis (Acanthaceae)
Carolina Wild Petunia
NATLw: Frequent; hammocks, infrequent in pinelands (F6).
NATLe: Present.
NTphotosign NTphotosignwin

Ruellia tweediana * (Acanthaceae)
Britton’s Wild Petunia
NATLe: At western edge.

Rumex crispus * (Polygonaceae)
Curly Dock
NATLw: Frequent; old fields.
NTphotosign NTphotosign2-mature NTphotosign3-winter

Rumex hastatulus (Polygonaceae)
Heartwing Dock, Red-top Dock
NATLw: Infrequent; old fields (H5).

Rumex pulcher * (Polygonaceae)
Fiddle Dock
NATLw: Rare; edge of retention pond (H3).

Sabal minor (Arecaceae)
Dwarf Palmetto, Bluestem Palmetto
NATLw: Frequent; hammock, s. part of area, many plants.
NATLe: Present.

Sabal palmetto (Arecaceae)
Cabbage Palm
NATLw: Infrequent; hammock, wetlands (E9, F7, K12).
NATLe: Present.
NTphotosign NTphotosign2

Sagittaria filiformis = Sagittaria stagnorum  (Alismataceae) 
Threadleaf Arrowhead
NATLw: Seasonally frequent; delicate plant, in shallow water.

Sagittaria lancifolia (Alismataceae) AWIPPP
Bulltongue Arrowhead
NATLw: Infrequent; wetlands (H2, I3).
NTphotosign NTphotosignflw NTphotosignfrt

Sagittaria latifolia (Alismataceae) AWIPPP
Broadleaf Arrowhead, Common Arrowhead
NATLw: Planted in SEEP 1999.

Salix caroliniana (Salicaceae)
Coastal Plain Willow
NATLw: Frequent; wetlands.
NATLe: Dominant in canopy of wetland areas.

Salvia azurea (Lamiaceae)
Azure Blue Sage
NATLw: Rare; pinelands (D5).

Salvia lyrata  (Lamiaceae)
Lyreleaf Sage
NATLw: Infrequent; Old fields (I5).
NATLe: Present.

Salvinia minima *  (Salviniaceae) AWIPPP
Water Spangles
NATLe: Occasional.

Sambucus nigra = Sambucus canadensis  (Adoxaceae) AWIPPP
NATLw: Frequent; hammocks.
NATLe: Present in wetland areas.
NTphotosignflw NTphotosignfrt

Samolus valerandi = Samolus parviflorus (Primulaceae)
Pineland Pimpernel, Brookweed
NATLw: Frequent; wetlands.

Sanicula canadensis (Apiaceae)
Canadian Blacksnakeroot
NATLw: Infrequent; hammocks (E8, H11).

Sapindus saponaria = Sapindus marginatus (Sapindaceae)
Florida Soapberry
NATLw: Infrequent; many small plants along roadway (E7).

Sapium sebiferum *  (Euphorbiaceae) AWIPPP
Chinese Tallowtree, Popcorntree
NATLw: Rare; single tree in bottom of retention pond (J5)

Sassafras albidum (Lauraceae)
NATLw: Frequent; pinelands.

Saururus cernuus (Saururaceae)
Lizard's Tail
NATLe: Central Marsh .

Schizachyrium scoparium (Poaceae)
Little Bluestem
NATLw: Rare; edge of pine woods (D4).

Scleria reticularis (Cyperaceae)
Netted Nutrush
NATLw: Infrequent; pinelands (D5).

Scleria triglomerata (Cyperaceae)
Tall Nutgrass
NATLe: Present.

Scoparia dulcis * (Veronicaceae)
Goat-weed, Sweet Broom, Licorice-weed
NATLw: Rare; raw earth ridge (A10).

Scutellaria integrifolia = Scutellaria multiglandulosa (Lamiaceae)
Rough Skullcap
NATLw: Rare; pinelands, solitary plant (B8).

Senna occidentalis * = Cassia occidentalis (Fabaceae)
Coffee Senna, Septicweed
NATLw: Rare; old fields, s. bank of retention pond (J5).

Senna obtusifolia * (Fabaceae)
Sicklepod, Coffeeweed
NATLw: Single plant in 3-yr old field along East Trail near w SEEP kiosk (G3).

Serenoa repens (Areceae)
Saw Palmetto
NATLw: Infrequent; slope above pond (L11).

Sericocarpus tortifolius = Aster tortifolius (Asteraceae)
Dixie Aster, Whitetop Aster
NATLw: Rare; edge of pinewoods (D5).

Sesbania herbacea = Sesbania exaltata (Fabaceae)
NATLw: Rare; slope above pond (A10; I4).
NTphotosign NTphotosign-flower

Sesbania vesicaria (Fabaceae) AWIPPP
Bladderpod, Bagpod
NATLw: Single plant in 7-yr old field plot (F2).

Setaria corrugata (Poaceae)
Coastal Foxtail
NATLw: Frequent in public-area upland pine (E3) .
NTphotosign NTphotosign-winter

Setaria parviflora (Poaceae) AWIPPP
Knotroot Foxtail
NATLw: Infrequent; roadway (D5).

Setaria pumila (Poaceae)
Yellow Foxtail
NATLw: [CM] WET; R or I (I4, shore of pond).

Setaria sphacelata * (Poaceae)
African Bristlegrass
NATLw: Rare; w. bank of retention pond (H2).

Sida rhombifolia (Malvaceae)
Cuban Jute, Ironweed Mallow
NATLw: Common; old fields.
NTphotosign NTphotosignwin

Sida ulmifolia (Malvaceae)
Common Wireweed, Common Fanpetals
NATLw: Rare; firebreak (H8).
NATLe: Present.

Sideroxylon reclinatum = Bumelia reclinata (Sapotaceae)
Florida Bully
NATLw: Rare; hammock (E9; G8; H11).

Sideroxylon rufohirtum (Sapotaceae)
Rufous Florida Bully
NATLw: Present.

Silene antirrhina * (Caryophyllaceae)
Sleepy Catchfly
NATLw: Rare; old fields (J5).

Sisyrinchium angustifolium = Sisyrinchium atlanticum  (Iridaceae) AWIPPP
Narrowleaf Blue-eyed Grass
NATLw: Rare; wetlands (K11).

Sisyrinchium rosulatum * (Iridaceae)
Annual Blue-eyed Grass
NATLw: Rare; lawn at n. end of pond (H1).

Smallanthus uvedalia = Polymnia uvedalia (Asteraceae)
Hairy Leafcup
NATLw: Infrequent; hammock (H8, H10).

Smilax auriculata  (Smilacaceae)  
Earleaf Greenbrier
NATLw: Common; pinelands.
NATLe: Present.

Smilax bona-nox  (Smilacaceae)
Saw Greenbrier
NATLw: Frequent; hammocks, pinelands.
NATLe: Present.

Smilax glauca  (Smilacaceae)
Cat Greenbrier
NATLw: Infrequent; hammock, pinelands (D3).
NATLe: Present.

Smilax pumila  (Smilacaceae)
Sarsaparilla Vine
NATLw: Rare; hammocks, pinelands (F5).
NATLe: Present.

Smilax smallii  (Smilacaceae)
Jackson Vine
NATLw: Common; hammocks, infrequent in pinelands.
NATLe: Present.

Smilax tamnoides = Smilax hispida  (Smilacaceae)
Bristly Greenbrier
NATLw: Common; hammocks, infrequent in pinelands.
NATLe: Present.

Solanum americanum (Solanaceae)
American Black Nightshade
NATLw: Frequent; old fields.

Solanum chenopodioides (Solanaceae)
Black Nightshade
NATLw: Present.

Solanum viarum (Solanaceae) 
Tropical Soda Apple
NATLw: Near fence shared by SEEP and NAP.
Found by UTA, Alex LoCastro (March 4, 2015)
ID confirmed by PhD student, Eutychus Kariuki

Solidago canadensis = Solidago altissima (Asteraceae)
Canada Goldenrod
NATLw: Common; old fields
NTphotosign NTphotosignflw NTphotosignsed

Solidago fistulosa (Asteraceae)
Pinebarren Goldenrod
NATLw: Upland pine.

Solidago leavenworthii (Asteraceae)
Rubber Goldenrod
NATLw: Infrequent; wet bank (H3).

Solidago odora (Asteraceae)
Sweet Goldenrod
NATLw: Infrequent; along firebreak (D6).

Sonchus asper (Asteraceae)
Spiny Sowthistle
NATLw: [CM] OFS; I or F (I5/J5, lawn at edge of woods).

Sonchus oleraceus *  (Asteraceae) 
Common Sowthistle
NATLw: Infrequent; old field (F3).

Sorghastrum nutans (Poaceae)
Yellow Indiangrass
NATLw: Present.

Sorghastrum secundum (Poaceae)
Lopsided Indiangrass
NATLw: 250 plugs planted in north public-area pine in July 2009.

Sorghum halepense * = Sorghum almum  (Poaceae) 
NATLw: Frequent; wetlands.
NATLw: [CM] OFS; I or F (G1, north boundary of NATL).

Spartina bakeri (Poaceae) AWIPPP
Sand Cordgrass
NATLw: Planted in SEEP 1999.

Spathiphyllum floribundum * (Areceae)
Peace Lily
NATLw: Rare; hammock, near old house site (F7).

Spermacoce verticillata * (Rubiaceae)
Shrubby False Buttonweed
NATLw: Present.

Spermolepis divaricata (Apiaceae)
Roughfruit Scaleseed
NATLw: Rare; old field (J5).

Sporobolus indicus *  (Poaceae) 
NATLw: Rare; old field (G5).

Stachys floridana (Lamiaceae)
Florida Hedgenettle, Florida Betony
NATLw: Infrequent; hammock, old field (A9, F7, H4).
NATLe: Present.

Stellaria media * (Caryophyllaceae)
Common Chickweed
NATLw: Infrequent, although locally abundant; old field (E7).

Stenotaphrum secundatum (Poaceae) 
St. Augustinegrass
NATLe: Invading through fence (M5).

Stylosanthes biflora (Fabaceae)
Sidebeak Pencilflower
NATLw: Infrequent; grassy slope above pond (H3).

Symphyotrichum concolor = Aster concolor (Asteraceae)
Eastern Silver Aster
NATLw: Rare; edge of pinewoods (D5).

Symphyotrichum dumosum = Aster dumosus (Asteraceae)
Rice Button Aster
NATLw: Frequent; old fields.

Syngonium podophyllum *  (Areceae)  
Arrowhead Vine, American Evergreen
NATLw: Rare; firebreak (G12).
NATLe: At east edge.

Taxodium ascendens (Cupressaceae)
NATLw: Planted in SEEP 1999.

Taxodium distichum  (Cupressaceae)
NATLw: Rare; planted saplings on e. edge of retention pond (I2, J3).
NTphotosign NTphotosignwin

Tephrosia rugelii (Fabaceae)
Rugel's Hoarypea
NATLw: Upland pine, Block A.

Tephrosia spicata (Fabaceae)
Spiked Hoarypea
NATLw: Infrequent; pineland (w. edge of D4).

Thalia geniculata (Marantaceae)
NATLw: Planted in SEEP 1999.
NTphotosign NTphotosignwin

Thelypteris kunthii (Thelypteridaceae)
Woods Fern
NATLw: Rare; wetlands (H12).
NATLe: Common in wetter areas.

Thelypteris palustris (Thelypteridaceae)
Marsh Fern
NATLe: Common in wetter areas.
NTphotosign NTphotosignwin

Tilia americana = Tilia caroliniana (Malvaceae)
Carolina Basswood
NATLw: Frequent; hammock.
NATLe: Dominant in canopy of mesic hammock.

Tillandsia recurvata (Bromeliaceae)
NATLw: Infrequent; pinelands (D8).
NATLe: Present.

Tillandsia usneoides (Bromeliaceae)
Spanish Moss
NATLw: Infrequent; trees in wetlands (K11).
NATLe: Present.
NTphotosign NTphotosignflw

Toxicodendron pubescens = Toxicodendron toxicarium (Anacardiaceae)
Poison Oak
NATLw: Infrequent; pinelands (D7, D9).

Toxicodendron radicans = Rhus radicans  (Anacardiaceae)  
Poison Ivy
NATLw: Frequent; hammocks, pinelands.
NATLe: Dominant in understory of mesic hammock.

Trachelospermum asiaticum * (Apocynaceae)
Dwarf Jasmine
NATLw: At site of horticultural dump in E7.

Tradescantia fluminensis * (Apocynaceae)
Small-leaf Spiderwort, Wandering Jew

Tradescantia ohiensis  (Commelinaceae) AWIPPP
Ohio Spiderwort
NATLw: Frequent; old fields.

Tragia urens (Euphorbiaceae)
Wavyleaf Noseburn
NATLw: Present.

Trichostema dichotomum (Lamiaceae)
Forked Bluecurls
NATLw: Infrequent; bank of retention pond (J5).

Tridens carolinianus (Poaceae)
Carolina Fluffgrass
NATLw: Weaver and Garland 2007.

Tridens flavus * (Poaceae)
Tall Redtop
NATLw: Rare; firebreak (D4).

Trifolium campestre * (Fabaceae)
Field Clover, Hop Clover
NATLw: Infrequent; along roadway (H5).

Trifolium dubium * (Fabaceae)
Low Hop Clover
NATLw: Infrequent; along roadway (J5).

Trifolium pratense * (Fabaceae)
Red Clover
NATLw: Rare; old field (H5).

Trifolium repens * (Fabaceae)
White Clover
NATLw: Infrequent; old field (G4).

Trillium maculatum * (Melanthiaceae)
Spotted Wakerobin
NATLw: Infrequent; Upland Hardwood (G11 in a sink near East trail).

Triodanis perfoliata (Campanulaceae)
Venus’ Looking Glass
NATLw: Infrequent; old field (H5).
NATLw: [CM] OFS, I or F (J5, edge of dirt road).

Typha domingensis  (Typhaceae) AWIPPP
Southern Cattail
NATLw: Frequent; wetlands.

Typha latifolia  (Typhaceae) AWIPPP
Broadleaf Cattail
NATLw: Common; wetlands.
NATLe: Present.

Ulmus alata (Ulmaceae)
Winged Elm
NATLw: Frequent; hammock.
NALTe: Dominant in mesic hammock.

Ulmus americana (Ulmaceae)
American Elm
NATLw: Frequent; wetland.

Urena lobata *  (Malvaceae) AWIPPP
NATLw: Rare; firebreak, single plant (C8).

Urochloa platyphylla (Poaceae)
Broadleaf Signalgrass
NATLw: [CM] OFS; I, F, or C (F4).

Urochloa ramosa *  (Poaceae)
Browntop Millet, Dixie Signalgrass
NATLw: D2 in North Public Area Upland Pine.

Vaccinium arboreum (Ericaceae)
NATLe: Dominant in understory of mesic hammock.

Vaccinium myrsinites (Ericaceae)
Lowbush Blueberry
NATLw: Infrequent; pinelands (B8).

Vaccinium stamineum (Ericaceae)
NATLw: Infrequent; pinelands (A8, B9).

Verbena bonariensis * (Verbenaceae)
Purpletop Vervain
NATLw: Common; old fields.

Verbena brasiliensis * (Verbenaceae)
Brazilian Vervain
NATLw: Frequent; old fields.

Verbesina aristata * (Asteraceae)
Costal Plain Crownbeard
NATLw: Weaver and Garland 2007.

Vebesina virginica (Asteraceae)
White Crownbeard, Frostweed
NATLw: Present.

Vernonia angustifolia (Asteraceae)
Tall Ironweed
NATLw: Rare; pinelands (D7).
NTphotosign NTphotosign-win

Vernonia gigantea (Asteraceae)
Giant Ironweed
NATLw: Rare; edge of hammock (H9).
NATLe: Dominant in understory of mesic hammock.

Veronica peregrina * (Veronicaceae)
Neckweed, Purlslane Speedwell
NATLw: Infrequent; edge of retention pond (H3).

Veronica arvensis * (Veronicaceae)
Corn Speedwell
NATLw: Near entrance to SEEP boardwalk on OF plot side.

Viburnum dentatum = Viburnum scabrellum = Viburnum dentatum var. scabrellum (Adoxaceae)
Southern Arrowwood
NATLw: Rare; hammock, pinelands (F8, G6, H10).

Viburnum obovatum (Adoxaceae)
Walter’s Viburnum, Small-leaf Arrowwood
NATLw: Infrequent; hammock, wetlands (F9, K11, H9).
NATLe: Present.

Viburnum rufidulum (Adoxaceae)
Rusty Blackhaw
NATLw: Infrequent; hammock (E8, H7).
NATLe: Present.

Vicia hirsuta (Fabaceae)
Tiny Vetch, Sparrow Vetch
NATLw: [CM] OFS; R, I, or F (I5, along road).

Vicia sativa * = Vicia angustifolia (Fabaceae)
Common Vetch
NATLw: Local; dense carpet on bank above pond (H3).
NATLe: Present.

Vicia floridana (Fabaceae)
Florida Vetch
NATLw: Present.

Vigna unguiculata *  (Fabaceae)
Yard-long bean
NATLw: Along DPI fence, near gridpoint D3.

Viola palmata = Viola septemloba (Violaceae)
Early Blue Violet
NATLw: Rare; pinelands (w. edge of D7).

Viola sororia = Viola floridana = Viola affinis (Violaceae)
Florida Violet
NATLw: Frequent; hammocks.
NATLe: Present.

Vitex agnus-castus * (Lamiaceae)
Lilac Chastetree
NATLw: South Public Area Upland Pine.

Vitex negundo * (Lamiaceae)
Negundo Chastetree
NATLw: Rare; pinelands (I5, E7).

Vitis aestivalis  (Vitaceae)
Summer Grape
NATLw: Infrequent; pinelands (F7).
NATLe: Dominant in understory of mesic hammock.

Vitis rotundifolia  (Vitaceae)
Muscadine Grape
NATLw: Common; hammocks, frequent in pinelands.
NATLe: Present.

Vitis vulpina  (Vitaceae)
Frost Grape
NATLw: Infrequent; old fields (H4).

Wahlenbergia marginata * (Capanulaceae)
Southern Rockbell
NATLw: Frequent; pinelands, infrequent in old field (F5, J5).

Wisteria floribunda * (Fabaceae) AWIPPP
Japanese wisteria
NATLe: Present.

Wisteria sinensis * (Fabaceae) AWIPPP
Chinese wisteria

Woodwardia areolata (Blechnaceae)
Netted Chain Fern
NATLe: Common in wetter areas.

Woodwardia virginica (Blechnaceae)
Virginia Chain Fern
NATLe: Common in wetter areas.

Xanthosoma sagittifolium * (Areceae) AWIPPP
Arrowleaf Elephantear
NATLw: Rare; at old house site (F7).

Youngia japonica *  (Asteraceae) AWIPPP
Oriental False Hawksbeard
NATLw: Infrequent; edge of roadway (H7).
NATLe: Present.

Yucca aloifolia (Agavaceae)
Spanish Bayonet
NATLe: Present.

Yucca filamentosa (Agavaceae)
Adam’s Needle
NATLe: Dominant in understory of mesic hammock.

Zamia pumila = integrifolia (Zamiaceae)
Florida Arrowroot
NATLw: Present.

Zanthoxylum clava-herculis (Rutaceae)
Hercules’-club, Toothache Tree
NATLw: Infrequent; hammocks, pinelands (D3, E6).

Zingiber zerumbet * (Zingiberaceae)
Bitter Ginger
NATLw: Rare; single large clump at old house site (F7).

Zizaniopsis miliacea (Poaceae) AWIPPP
Giant Cutgrass, Southern Wild Rice
NATLw: Large clump at east end of boardwalk; planted?

Zizia aurea (Apiaceae)
Golden Alexanders
NATLw: Along firebreak on east side of S-Public Area Pine (E8).

More about this list

Summarizing statistics

(as of 21 Feb 2014)
Number of families: 116
A special spreadsheet lists the scientific names of all species known in NATL for each family known in NATL.

Number of species: 562
Known from NATL-west: 540
Known from NATL-east: 141

Known from both NATL-w and NATL-e: 119
Known only from NATL-w: 421
Known only from NATL-e: 22

Native (to Florida): 410
Not native: 152 (27%)
Not native and considered a threat to NATL's ecosystems: 24

Ferns: 11
Herbs (grasses, sedges, and rushes): 101
Herbs (forbs): 274
Vines: 51
Trees and shrubs: 125

Web pages, documents and spreadsheets

The following studies have dealt with the identification and location of vascular plants occurring in NATL:
1995 Cooperative Florula Project, organized by Jack Putz (224 species).
1999–2003 Vascular plant inventory, by Dan Ward (369 species).
2002 additions to list, by Cliff Martin. (19 species added)
2005 Final report on floristic inventory of NATL-east, by Gretchen Ionta (128 species).

The following spreadsheets organize the current and two of the previous lists of NATL plants:
NATLvplants.xls (Master list of NATL vascular plants)
Putz1995list.xls (Cooperative Florula Project for NATL)
Ionta2005list.xls (NATL-east Floristic Inventory)
vplantFamilies.xls (Species listed by family)


In 1995, Jack Putz organized a "Cooperative Florula Project" to learn as much as possible about NATL's plant diversity in a brief period. With this goal, he assembled at NATL, on two dates in May 1995, groups of professors and students knowledgeable in plant identification to create lists of the vascular plants they could find and identify. These lists (still online) were posted on NATL's web site and were the only easily accessible information about NATL's floral diversity for 10 years.

Starting in 1999, Dan Ward spent five years developing an inventory of NATL's vascular plants. He annotated his list in terms of these five “Associations”: Hammock, Upland Pine Unburned, Upland Pine Burned, Old-field Succession, and Wetland. To specify locations, he used the NATL grid system, which consists of 50 × 50 m squares, with each square identified by a coded stake at its northwest corner. He indicated the relative frequency of each plant species within each Association by the terms Common, Frequent, Infrequent, and Rare. In the case of species that were Infrequent or Rare, whenever possible, the location was further indicated by reference to its position within a grid square. He provided common names for those species whose vernacular names “are familiar and in general use.”

Ward preceded his list with these notes:
Note #1: For management purposes the Natural Area has been mapped in six contiguous blocks, each representing a single Association. (Upland Pine Unburned is in two discontinuous blocks.) However, for purposes of assigning species to appropriate Associations, the immediate environs of the individual plant is considered definitive. (Examples: A small cleared area or a plowed firebreak within a hammock or pineland is treated as Old-field Succession; plants of a sinkhole depression within a hammock are assigned to Wetland.)

Note #2: A large Longleaf Pine (Pinus palustris) in grid square B8 (just s. of Fla. Dept. of Agric. area) has been determined to be the sixth largest representative of its species in the state (Florida Champion Tree Program).

In 2002, Cliff Martin reported 19 species of vascular plants in NATL that were not on Ward's list. In Martin's report he modified Ward’s system of annotations as follows: I5/J5 means near the boundary between grid squares I5 and J5, or in I5 and/or J5. Because Martin was uncertain how to distinguish between Ward’s common (C), frequent (F), infrequent (I), and rare (R) categories of plant frequency within an Association, he often applied multiple occurrence codes. For example, species that seemed widespread might be coded “I, F, or C,” whereas plants of a more isolated occurrence were usually coded “R or I.” For the Associations recognized by Ward, Martin used these abbreviations: HAMmock; upland pine unburned (UPU); upland pine burned (UPB); old field succession (OFS); and WETlands.

In 2005, T. J. Walker, aided by Lucinda Treadwell, developed a new web site for NATL's vascular plants based on Ward's and Martin's work. This site featured a master list of the species Ward or Martin had found in NATL with an indication of abundance, habitat, and where it occurred in NATL. The list was arranaged alphabetically by scientific name, with each name linked to its page in the ISB Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants. Each species entry included a common name and a growth-form icon. Searching by common name was implemented by a list of common names for each growth form, with each common name linked to the appropriate entry in the master list. Ward and Martin had found most, but not all, of the species in Putz's 1995 lists. Walker and Treadwell sidestepped judging the status of the orphaned species by retaining Putz's lists as part of the vascular plant web site.

Later in 2005, NATL was enlarged to include the "Surge Area Wetlands," which became NATL-east. This 11 acres included habitats not present in the original NATL (now NATL-west) and, not surprisingly, significant numbers of species to be added to the master list. Fortunately, Getchen Ionta had just completed a floristic inventory of NATL-east as part of an update of the conservation component of the UF Master Plan. Of the 128 species listed by Ionta, 23 had not been found in NATL-west. To accommodate this new information Walker and Treadwell modified the master list to make it indicate separately the occurrence of a species in NATL-w and NATL-e.

As more new species were found in NATL, they were added to the master list of scientific names and to the subsidiary lists of common names. From 2006 until 11 Mar 2009, the additions were recorded on the following four pages :
2005–2006 Additions verified by Walter Judd (n=2).
2007 Additions verified by Richard Weaver & Mark Garland (n=12).
2006–2007 Additions by T. J. Walker (n=7).
2007–2009 Additions verified by Richard Weaver (n=12).

During Fall Semester 2008, Erica Van Etten began a spreadsheet to organize and make more accessible important data relevant to the species on the master list of NATL's vascular plants. In Spring Semester 2009, Bret Pasch continued the work under the direction of T. J. Walker. Starting on 11 Mar 2009, additions to the master list were recorded directly on the master spreadsheet. In Summer Semester 2009, Walker (with help from Natalie Hooton and Robert Guggenheim) completed the nine most critical fields of the master spreadsheet [Columns A-G,J,K] and developed secondary spreadsheets to organize the data in the lists of Putz and Ionta. Ably assisted by Robert Guggenheim, he reworked the vascular plant web site to incorporate the updates of the previous years.

The vascular plants of SEEP (Stormwater Ecological Enhancement Project) are of special interest but are incompletely represented in the master list. On 22 May 2008, Mark Clark recollected that a survey made prior to the re-contouring of the basin in 1998 revealed only 32 species. In 1999, 53 additional native species were planted in the basin by the Wetlands Club, and, in 2004, a 5-year survey found about 34 species in addition to those that were original or had been planted in 1999. A 10-year survey is a goal for 2009. On 27 Mar 2009, working from the list of species that had been sought for the planting in 1999, Mark Clark indicated 44 species that had been obtained and planted. Of these, 28 were already on the master list. The 16 that were new to the list and 3 other species that Clark knew to be at SEEP were added to the master list; for each record the source was listed as "Clark 2009" (see SEEP spreadsheet).

Volunteer botanical experts (THANKS!)

Jack Putz and Dan Ward of the Botany Department volunteered to undertake the original lists of NATL's vascular plants. Identificactions made by Cliff Martin and Gretchen Ionta were overseen by Walter Judd of the Botany Department. In 2005 and 2006, Walter Judd helped resolve identification and nomenclatural questions that arose in updating the list and making it useful. From 2007 to date, Richard Weaver, the botanist at the Division of Plant Industry, has contributed his interest in and knowledge of NATL's plants to become the go-to person for help in identifying plants along the nature trails and elsewhere in NATL. He and his assistant, Patti Anderson, continue to report new species that they find in NATL, which are then added to the master list.